### On lipschitzian properties of implicit multifunctions

**Authors:**Gfrerer, Helmut , Outrata, Jiri**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**SIAM Journal on Optimization Vol. 26, no. 4 (2016), p. 2160-2189**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper is devoted to the development of new sufficient conditions for the calmness and the Aubin property of implicit multifunctions. As the basic tool we employ the directional limiting coderivative which, together with the graphical derivative, enables a fine analysis of the local behavior of the investigated multifunction along relevant directions. For verification of the calmness property, in addition, a new condition has been discovered which parallels the missing implicit function paradigm and permits us to replace the original multifunction by a substantially simpler one. Moreover, as an auxiliary tool, a handy formula for the computation of the directional limiting coderivative of the normal-cone map with a polyhedral set has been derived which perfectly matches the framework of [A. L. Dontchev and R. T. Rockafellar, SIAM J. Optim., 6 (1996), pp. 1087{1105]. All important statements are illustrated by examples. © 2016 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

### Towards supremum-sum subdifferential calculus free of qualification conditions

**Authors:**Correa, Rafael , Hantoute, Abderrahim , López, Marco**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Siam Journal on Optimization Vol. 26, no. 4 (2016), p. 2219-2234**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We give a formula for the subdifferential of the sum of two convex functions where one of them is the supremum of an arbitrary family of convex functions. This is carried out under a weak assumption expressing a natural relationship between the lower semicontinuous envelopes of the data functions in the domain of the sum function. We also provide a new rule for the subdifferential of the sum of two convex functions, which uses a strategy of augmenting the involved functions. The main feature of our analysis is that no continuity-type condition is required. Our approach allows us to unify, recover, and extend different results in the recent literature.

### Weaker conditions for subdifferential calculus of convex functions

**Authors:**Correa, Rafael , Hantoute, Abderrahim , López, Marco**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Functional Analysis Vol. 271, no. 5 (2016), p. 1177-1212**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**In this paper we establish new rules for the calculus of the subdifferential mapping of the sum of two convex functions. Our results are established under conditions which are at an intermediate level of generality among those leading to the Hiriart-Urruty and Phelps formula (Hiriart-Urruty and Phelps, 1993 [15]), involving the approximate subdifferential, and the stronger assumption used in the well-known Moreau-Rockafellar formula (Rockafellar 1970, [23]; Moreau 1966, [20]), which only uses the exact subdifferential. We give an application to derive asymptotic optimality conditions for convex optimization.**Description:**In this paper we establish new rules for the calculus of the subdifferential mapping of the sum of two convex functions. Our results are established under conditions which are at an intermediate level of generality among those leading to the Hiriart-Urruty and Phelps formula (Hiriart-Urruty and Phelps, 1993 [15]), involving the approximate subdifferential, and the stronger assumption used in the well-known Moreau-Rockafellar formula (Rockafellar 1970, [23]; Moreau 1966, [20]), which only uses the exact subdifferential. We give an application to derive asymptotic optimality conditions for convex optimization. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

### A unifying approach to robust convex infinite optimization duality

**Authors:**Dinh, Nguyen , Goberna, Miguel , López, Marco , Volle, Michel**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol. 174, no. 3 (2017), p. 650-685**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper considers an uncertain convex optimization problem, posed in a locally convex decision space with an arbitrary number of uncertain constraints. To this problem, where the uncertainty only affects the constraints, we associate a robust (pessimistic) counterpart and several dual problems. The paper provides corresponding dual variational principles for the robust counterpart in terms of the closed convexity of different associated cones.

### About subtransversality of collections of sets

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Luke, Russell , Thao, Nguyen**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Set-Valued and Variational Analysis Vol. 25, no. 4 (2017), p. 701-729**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We provide dual sufficient conditions for subtransversality of collections of sets in an Asplund space setting. For the convex case, we formulate a necessary and sufficient dual criterion of subtransversality in general Banach spaces. Our more general results suggest an intermediate notion of subtransversality, what we call weak intrinsic subtransversality, which lies between intrinsic transversality and subtransversality in Asplund spaces.

### Borwein–Preiss vector variational principle

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Plubtieng, Somyot , Seangwattana, Thidaporn**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Positivity Vol. 21, no. 4 (2017), p. 1273-1292**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This article extends to the vector setting the results of our previous work Kruger et al. (J Math Anal Appl 435(2):1183–1193, 2016) which refined and slightly strengthened the metric space version of the Borwein–Preiss variational principle due to Li and Shi (J Math Anal Appl 246(1):308–319, 2000. doi:10.1006/jmaa.2000.6813). We introduce and characterize two seemingly new natural concepts of ε-minimality, one of them dependent on the chosen element in the ordering cone and the fixed “gauge-type” function. © 2017, Springer International Publishing.

### On the Aubin property of a class of parameterized variational systems

**Authors:**Gfrerer, Helmut , Outrata, Jiri**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Methods of Operations Research Vol. 86, no. 3 (2017), p. 443-467**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The paper deals with a new sharp condition ensuring the Aubin property of solution maps to a class of parameterized variational systems. This class encompasses various types of parameterized variational inequalities/generalized equations with fairly general constraint sets. The new condition requires computation of directional limiting coderivatives of the normal-cone mapping for the so-called critical directions. The respective formulas have the form of a second-order chain rule and extend the available calculus of directional limiting objects. The suggested procedure is illustrated by means of examples. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.

### Recent contributions to linear semi-infinite optimization

**Authors:**Goberna, Miguel , López, Marco**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research Vol. 15, no. 3 (2017), p. 221-264**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in the theory of deterministic and uncertain linear semi-infinite optimization, presents some numerical approaches to this type of problems, and describes a selection of recent applications in a variety of fields. Extensions to related optimization areas, as convex semi-infinite optimization, linear infinite optimization, and multi-objective linear semi-infinite optimization, are also commented. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.

### About extensions of the extremal principle

**Authors:**Bui, Hoa , Kruger, Alexander**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Vietnam Journal of Mathematics Vol. 46, no. 2 (2018), p. 215-242**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this paper, after recalling and discussing the conventional extremality, local extremality, stationarity and approximate stationarity properties of collections of sets, and the corresponding (extended) extremal principle, we focus on extensions of these properties and the corresponding dual conditions with the goal to refine the main arguments used in this type of results, clarify the relationships between different extensions, and expand the applicability of the generalized separation results. We introduce and study new more universal concepts of relative extremality and stationarity and formulate the relative extended extremal principle. Among other things, certain stability of the relative approximate stationarity is proved. Some links are established between the relative extremality and stationarity properties of collections of sets and (the absence of) certain regularity, lower semicontinuity, and Lipschitz-like properties of set-valued mappings. © 2018, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

### About intrinsic transversality of pairs of sets

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Set-Valued and Variational Analysis Vol. 26, no. 1 (2018), p. 111-142**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The article continues the study of the ‘regular’ arrangement of a collection of sets near a point in their intersection. Such regular intersection or, in other words, transversality properties are crucial for the validity of qualification conditions in optimization as well as subdifferential, normal cone and coderivative calculus, and convergence analysis of computational algorithms. One of the main motivations for the development of the transversality theory of collections of sets comes from the convergence analysis of alternating projections for solving feasibility problems. This article targets infinite dimensional extensions of the intrinsic transversality property introduced recently by Drusvyatskiy, Ioffe and Lewis as a sufficient condition for local linear convergence of alternating projections. Several characterizations of this property are established involving new limiting objects defined for pairs of sets. Special attention is given to the convex case.

### Best approximate solutions of inconsistent linear inequality systems

**Authors:**Goberna, Miguel , Hiriart-Urruty, Jean-Baptiste , López, Marco**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Vietnam Journal of Mathematics Vol. 46, no. 2 (2018), p. 271-284**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper is intended to characterize three types of best approximate solutions for inconsistent linear inequality systems with an arbitrary number of constraints. It also gives conditions guaranteeing the existence of best uniform solutions and discusses potential applications.

### Ekeland's inverse function theorem in graded Fréchet spaces revisited for multifunctions

**Authors:**Huynh, Van Ngai , Théra, Michel**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications Vol. 457, no. 2 (2018), p. 1403-1421**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this paper, we present some inverse function theorems and implicit function theorems for set-valued mappings between Fréchet spaces. The proof relies on Lebesgue's Dominated Convergence Theorem and on Ekeland's variational principle. An application to the existence of solutions of differential equations in Fréchet spaces with non-smooth data is given.

### Indexation strategies and calmness constants for uncertain linear inequality systems

**Authors:**Cánovas, Maria , Henrion, René , López, Marco , Parra, Juan**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Book chapter**Relation:**The Mathematics of the Uncertain (part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control series) p. 831-843**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**The present paper deals with uncertain linear inequality systems viewed as nonempty closed coefficient sets in the (n+ 1) -dimensional Euclidean space. The perturbation size of these uncertainty sets is measured by the (extended) Hausdorff distance. We focus on calmness constants—and their associated neighborhoods—for the feasible set mapping at a given point of its graph. To this aim, the paper introduces an appropriate indexation function which allows us to provide our aimed calmness constants through their counterparts in the setting of linear inequality systems with a fixed index set, where a wide background exists in the literature.

### On some open problems in optimal control

**Authors:**Dontchev, Asen**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Book chapter**Relation:**Control Systems and Mathematical Methods in Economics : Essays in Honor of Vladimir M. Veliov (part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series) p. 3-13**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**Several open problems are presented concerning regularity properties of solutions of optimal control problems with constraints.

### Perturbation of error bounds

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , López, Marco , Théra, Michel**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Programming Vol. 168, no. 1-2 (2018), p. 533-554**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Our aim in the current article is to extend the developments in Kruger et al. (SIAM J Optim 20(6):3280–3296, 2010. doi:10.1137/100782206) and, more precisely, to characterize, in the Banach space setting, the stability of the local and global error bound property of inequalities determined by lower semicontinuous functions under data perturbations. We propose new concepts of (arbitrary, convex and linear) perturbations of the given function defining the system under consideration, which turn out to be a useful tool in our analysis. The characterizations of error bounds for families of perturbations can be interpreted as estimates of the ‘radius of error bounds’. The definitions and characterizations are illustrated by examples. © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Mathematical Optimization Society.

### Recent contributions to linear semi-infinite optimization : An update

**Authors:**Goberna, Miguel , López, Marco**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article , Review**Relation:**Annals of Operations Research Vol. 271, no. 1 (2018), p. 237-278**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in the theory of deterministic and uncertain linear semi-infinite optimization, presents some numerical approaches to this type of problems, and describes a selection of recent applications in a variety of fields. Extensions to related optimization areas, as convex semi-infinite optimization, linear infinite optimization, and multi-objective linear semi-infinite optimization, are also commented.

### Set regularities and feasibility problems

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Luke, Russell , Thao, Nguyen**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Programming Vol. 168, no. 1-2 (2018), p. 279-311**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We synthesize and unify notions of regularity, both of individual sets and of collections of sets, as they appear in the convergence theory of projection methods for consistent feasibility problems. Several new characterizations of regularities are presented which shed light on the relations between seemingly different ideas and point to possible necessary conditions for local linear convergence of fundamental algorithms

### Strong metric subregularity of mappings in variational analysis and optimization

**Authors:**Cibulka, Radek , Dontchev, Asen , Kruger, Alexander**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications Vol. 457, no. 2 (2018), p. 1247-1287**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**Although the property of strong metric subregularity of set-valued mappings has been present in the literature under various names and with various (equivalent) definitions for more than two decades, it has attracted much less attention than its older “siblings”, the metric regularity and the strong (metric) regularity. The purpose of this paper is to show that the strong metric subregularity shares the main features of these two most popular regularity properties and is not less instrumental in applications. We show that the strong metric subregularity of a mapping F acting between metric spaces is stable under perturbations of the form f+F, where f is a function with a small calmness constant. This result is parallel to the Lyusternik–Graves theorem for metric regularity and to the Robinson theorem for strong regularity, where the perturbations are represented by a function f with a small Lipschitz constant. Then we study perturbation stability of the same kind for mappings acting between Banach spaces, where f is not necessarily differentiable but admits a set-valued derivative-like approximation. Strong metric q-subregularity is also considered, where q is a positive real constant appearing as exponent in the definition. Rockafellar's criterion for strong metric subregularity involving injectivity of the graphical derivative is extended to mappings acting in infinite-dimensional spaces. A sufficient condition for strong metric subregularity is established in terms of surjectivity of the Fréchet coderivative, and it is shown by a counterexample that surjectivity of the limiting coderivative is not a sufficient condition for this property, in general. Then various versions of Newton's method for solving generalized equations are considered including inexact and semismooth methods, for which superlinear convergence is shown under strong metric subregularity. As applications to optimization, a characterization of the strong metric subregularity of the KKT mapping is obtained, as well as a radius theorem for the optimality mapping of a nonlinear programming problem. Finally, an error estimate is derived for a discrete approximation in optimal control under strong metric subregularity of the mapping involved in the Pontryagin principle.

### Valadier-like formulas for the supremum function I

**Authors:**Correa, Rafael , Hantoute, Abderrahim , López, Marco**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Convex Analysis Vol. 25, no. 4 (2018), p. 1253-1278**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We generalize and improve the original characterization given by Valadier [19, Theorem 1] of the subdifferential of the pointwise supremum of convex functions, involving the subdifferentials of the data functions at nearby points. We remove the continuity assumption made in that work and obtain a general formula for such a subdifferential. In particular, when the supremum is continuous at some point of its domain, but not necessarily at the reference point, we get a simpler version which gives rise to the Valadier formula. Our starting result is the characterization given in [11, Theorem 4], which uses the e-subdifferential at the reference point.

### Convexity and closedness in stable robust duality

**Authors:**Dinh, Nguyen , Goberna, Miguel , López, Marco , Volle, Michel**Date:**2019**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Letters Vol. 13, no. 2 (2019), p. 325-339**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The paper deals with optimization problems with uncertain constraints and linear perturbations of the objective function, which are associated with given families of perturbation functions whose dual variable depends on the uncertainty parameters. More in detail, the paper provides characterizations of stable strong robust duality and stable robust duality under convexity and closedness assumptions. The paper also reviews the classical Fenchel duality of the sum of two functions by considering a suitable family of perturbation functions.