Detecting K-complexes for sleep stage identification using nonsmooth optimization
- Authors: Moloney, David , Sukhorukova, Nadezda , Vamplew, Peter , Ugon, Julien , Li, Gang , Beliakov, Gleb , Philippe, Carole , Amiel, Hélène , Ugon, Adrien
- Date: 2012
- Type: Text , Journal article
- Relation: ANZIAM Journal Vol. 52, no. 4 (2012), p. 319-332
- Full Text:
- Description: The process of sleep stage identification is a labour-intensive task that involves the specialized interpretation of the polysomnographic signals captured from a patient's overnight sleep session. Automating this task has proven to be challenging for data mining algorithms because of noise, complexity and the extreme size of data. In this paper we apply nonsmooth optimization to extract key features that lead to better accuracy. We develop a specific procedure for identifying K-complexes, a special type of brain wave crucial for distinguishing sleep stages. The procedure contains two steps. We first extract "easily classified" K-complexes, and then apply nonsmooth optimization methods to extract features from the remaining data and refine the results from the first step. Numerical experiments show that this procedure is efficient for detecting K-complexes. It is also found that most classification methods perform significantly better on the extracted features. © 2012 Australian Mathematical Society.
Automatic sleep stage identification: difficulties and possible solutions
- Authors: Sukhorukova, Nadezda , Stranieri, Andrew , Ofoghi, Bahadorreza , Vamplew, Peter , Saleem, Muhammad Saad , Ma, Liping , Ugon, Adrien , Ugon, Julien , Muecke, Nial , Amiel, Hélène , Philippe, Carole , Bani-Mustafa, Ahmed , Huda, Shamsul , Bertoli, Marcello , Levy, P , Ganascia, J.G
- Date: 2010
- Type: Text , Conference proceedings
- Full Text:
- Description: The diagnosis of many sleep disorders is a labour intensive task that involves the specialised interpretation of numerous signals including brain wave, breath and heart rate captured in overnight polysomnogram sessions. The automation of diagnoses is challenging for data mining algorithms because the data sets are extremely large and noisy, the signals are complex and specialist's analyses vary. This work reports on the adaptation of approaches from four fields; neural networks, mathematical optimisation, financial forecasting and frequency domain analysis to the problem of automatically determing a patient's stage of sleep. Results, though preliminary, are promising and indicate that combined approaches may prove more fruitful than the reliance on a approach.