A wide range of studies have been conducted to understand the concept of leadership through an analysis of characteristics and behaviors. Contemporary leadership research highlights two prominent styles of leadership that are widely exhibited by managers in organizations that are known as transactional and transformational leadership. The transactional leadership style is defined as the transaction between leaders and followers who are rewarded or disciplined based on work performance and this style of leadership depends upon the power of the leader to reinforce work standards to ensure successful completion of tasks by staff. The transformational leadership involves establishment of the leader as the role model by gaining the trust and confidence of the followers and these leaders develop their staff by empowering and instructing them to excel beyond the organizational vision and creating awareness of the direction that the followers should be heading.
'Invisible nets,' 'labyrinths' and 'glass ceilings' are a sampling of the metaphors used to describe the impediments and challenges women face along their paths toward professional advancement, including those in media settings. Expanding on previous research, this article investigates newsroom management expectations and experiences related to communication and teamwork as managerial competencies among a sample of female journalists in Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Using a quantitative research design, the researchers outline opportunities and challenges for women in navigating the various obvious and subtle obstacles they face as they seek to advance professionally in traditionally male-dominated South Asian newsrooms.