Due to recent advances in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and their ability to generate huge amount of data in the form of streams, knowledge discovery techniques have received a great deal of attention to extract useful knowledge regarding the underlying network. Traditionally sensor association rules measure occurrence frequency of patterns. However, these rules often generate a huge number of rules, most of which are non-informative or fail to reflect the true correlation among data objects. In this paper, we propose a new type of sensor behavioral pattern called associated sensor patterns that captures association-like co-occurrences and the strong temporal correlations implied by such co-occurrences in the sensor data. We also propose a novel tree structure called as associated sensor pattern tree (ASPT) and a mining algorithm, associated sensor pattern (ASP) which facilitates frequent pattern (FP) growth-based technique to generate all associated sensor patterns from WSN data with only one scan over the sensor database. Extensive performance study shows that our algorithm is very efficient in finding associated sensor patterns than the existing significant algorithms.
In machine health monitoring, fault frequency identification of potential bearing faults is very important and necessary when it comes to reliable operation of a given system. In this paper, we proposed a data mining based scheme for fault frequency identification from the bearing data. In this scheme, we propose a compact tree called SAP-tree (sliding window associated frequency pattern tree) which is built upon the analysis of frequency domain characteristics of machine vibration data. Using this tree we devised a sliding window-based associated frequency pattern mining technique, called SAP algorithm, that mines for the frequencies relevant to machine fault. Our SAP algorithm can mine associated frequency patterns in the current window with frequent pattern (FP)-growth like pattern-growth method and used these patterns to identify the fault frequency. Extensive experimental analyses show that our technique is very efficient in identifying fault frequency over vibration data stream.