This article develops an efficient combinatorial algorithm based on labeled directed graphs and motivated by applications in data mining for designing multiple classifiers. Our method originates from the standard approach described in . It defines a representation of a multiclass classifier in terms of several binary classifiers. We are using labeled graphs to introduce additional structure on the classifier. Representations of this sort are known to have serious advantages. An important property of these representations is their ability to correct errors of individual binary classifiers and produce correct combined output. For every representation like this we develop a combinatorial algorithm with quadratic running time to compute the largest number of errors of individual binary classifiers which can be corrected by the combined multiple classifier. In addition, we consider the question of optimizing the classifiers of this type and find all optimal representations for these multiple classifiers.
Clustering is an important task in data mining. It can be formulated as a global optimization problem which is challenging for existing global optimization techniques even in medium size data sets. Various heuristics were developed to solve the clustering problem. The global k-means and modified global k-means are among most efficient heuristics for solving the minimum sum-of-squares clustering problem. However, these algorithms are not always accurate in finding global or near global solutions to the clustering problem. In this paper, we introduce a new algorithm to improve the accuracy of the modified global k-means algorithm in finding global solutions. We use an auxiliary cluster problem to generate a set of initial points and apply the k-means algorithm starting from these points to find the global solution to the clustering problems. Numerical results on 16 real-world data sets clearly demonstrate the superiority of the proposed algorithm over the global and modified global k-means algorithms in finding global solutions to clustering problems.