The striking feature of High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) Standard is emphasized by 50% bit-rate reduction compared to its predecessor H.264/AVC while keeping the same perceptual image quality. The time complexity - a congenital issue of HEVC has also increased to intensify the compression ratio. However, it is really a demanding task for the researchers to reduce the encoding time while preserving expected quality of the video sequences. Our contribution is to trim down the computational time by efficient selection of appropriate block-partitioning modes in HEVC using motion features based on phase-correlation. In this paper, we use phase-correlation between current and reference blocks to extract three motion features and combine them to determine binary motion pattern of the current block. The motion pattern is then matched against a codebook of predefined pattern templates to determine a subset of the inter-modes. Only the selected modes are exhaustively motion estimated and compensated for a coding unit. The experimental outcomes demonstrate that the average computational time can be down scaled by 30% of the HEVC while providing improved rate-distortion performance.
A microgrid formed by a cluster of parallel distributed generation (DG) units is capable of operating in either islanded mode or grid-connected mode. Traditionally, by using model predictive control algorithms, these two operation modes can be achieved with two separate and different cost functions, which brings in control complexity and hence, compromises system reliability. In this article, a unified model predictive voltage and current control strategy is proposed for both islanded and grid-connected operations and their smooth transition. The cost function is kept unified with voltage and current taken into account without altering the control architecture. It can be used for high-quality voltage supply at the primary control level and for bidirectional power flow at the tertiary control level. In addition, by only using DGs' own and neighboring information, a distributed fuzzy cooperative algorithm is developed at the secondary layer to mitigate the voltage and frequency deviations inherent from the power droop. The fuzzy controller can optimize the secondary control coefficients for further voltage quality improvement. Comprehensive tests under various scenarios demonstrate the merits of the proposed control strategy over traditional methods.