Editorial- With the advent of high speed computers, in-silico studies on biological patterns in recent years have been significantly impacted by the pattern recognition techniques. In this special issue, ‘Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics’, we present various sophisticated algorithms for a wide range of pattern recognition problems from the world of complex biological systems, whether these are specific sequence signatures – motifs that stand out in discovering its partner – or substructures in an interaction network that determines an organisms’ response to external stimuli. The 12 high-quality articles included in this special issue are essentially based on significant extensions of the selected papers presented at the Third International Conference on Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics (PRIB 2008) held in Melbourne, Australia. All these selected papers for special issue have again undergone a thorough review by at least three reviewers who are experts in the field. The fresh review process was followed to ensure that the papers met the high standards of scientific and technical merit of the Pattern Recognition Letters journal. The issue is broadly divided into three sections of four papers each, namely (1) Section 1: Interaction Networks and Feature-based Predictions (2) Section 2: Microarray and Transcription Data Analysis (3) Section 3: Sequence Analysis and Motif Discovery
A central problem in music information retrieval is audio-based music classification. Current music classification systems follow a frame-based analysis model. A whole song is split into frames, where a feature vector is extracted from each local frame. Each song can then be represented by a set of feature vectors. How to utilize the feature set for global song-level classification is an important problem in music classification. Previous studies have used summary features and probability models which are either overly restrictive in modeling power or numerically too difficult to solve. In this paper, we investigate the bag-of-features approach for music classification which can effectively aggregate the local features for song-level feature representation. Moreover, we have extended the standard bag-of-features approach by proposing a multiple codebook model to exploit the randomness in the generation of codebooks. Experimental results for genre classification and artist identification on benchmark data sets show that the proposed classification system is highly competitive against the standard methods.