Clusters may exist in different subspaces of a multidimensional dataset. Traditional full-space clustering algorithms have difficulty in identifying these clusters. Various subspace clustering algorithms have used different subspace search strategies. They require clustering to assess whether cluster(s) exist in a subspace. In addition, all of them perform clustering by measuring similarity between points in the given feature space. As a result, the subspace selection and clustering processes are tightly coupled. In this paper, we propose a new subspace clustering framework named CSSub (Clustering by Shared Subspaces). It enables neighbouring core points to be clustered based on the number of subspaces they share. It explicitly splits candidate subspace selection and clustering into two separate processes, enabling different types of cluster definitions to be employed easily. Through extensive experiments on synthetic and real-world datasets, we demonstrate that CSSub discovers non-redundant subspace clusters with arbitrary shapes in noisy data; and it significantly outperforms existing state-of-the-art subspace clustering algorithms.
This paper introduces the first generic version of data dependent dissimilarity and shows that it provides a better closest match than distance measures for three existing algorithms in clustering, anomaly detection and multi-label classification. For each algorithm, we show that by simply replacing the distance measure with the data dependent dissimilarity measure, it overcomes a key weakness of the otherwise unchanged algorithm.