IEEE Frequency response analysis (FRA) has recently been developed as a widely accepted tool for power transformer winding mechanical deformation diagnosis, and has proven to be effective and powerful in many cases. However, there still exist problems regarding the application of FRA. FRA is a comparative method in which the measured FRA signature should be compared with its fingerprint. Small differences of FRA signatures in certain frequency bands might be produced by external disturbance, which hinders fault diagnosis. Additionally, the existing correlation coefficient indicator recommended by power industry standards cannot reflect key information of signatures, namely the extreme points. This paper proposes an improved FRA based on binary morphology and extreme point variation. Binary morphology is first introduced to extract the certain frequency bands of signatures with significant difference. A composite indicator of extreme point variation is adopted to realize the diagnosis of fault level. A ternary diagram is constructed by the area proportions of the binary image to identify winding faults, which has a potential to realize cluster analysis of fault types.
Detecting the early signs of mechanical failures of power transformer winding is necessary and is possible with online monitoring techniques. Online impulse frequency response analysis (IFRA) is a promising diagnostic method when a transformer is in service. This paper examines the unrevealed problem existing in the method, namely, the impact of bushing capacitive coupling circuit on online impulse frequency response. An equivalent electrical model of capacitive coupling circuit and transformer winding is established. The frequency response of the capacitive coupling circuit is obtained to study its influence on online impulse frequency response. The parameter variations of capacitive coupling circuit caused by coupling capacitance variation and bushing dielectric breakdown are simulated to investigate their influence on online impulse frequency response signatures. A few experiments are eventually performed to verify the theoretical analysis and simulation results. This paper contributes to the application of online IFRA.