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7Bagirov, Adil
5Al Nuaimat, Alia
5Mala-Jetmarova, Helena
4Barton, Andrew
3Ahmed, S. T.
2Yearwood, John
1Ahmed, Shams Tabrez
1Aliyev, Jalal
1Al Nuaimat, A.
1Huseynova, Irada
1Jin, L.
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1Nuamat, Alia Mari Al
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40102 Applied Mathematics
40103 Numerical and Computational Mathematics
4Water distribution systems
3Nonsmooth optimization
3Pumps
20802 Computation Theory and Mathematics
2Binary integers
2Complex task
2Continuous variables
2Energy utilization
2Hooke-Jeeves
2Hydraulic simulation model
2Pattern search method
2Pump scheduling
2Smoothing techniques
2Water quality
10101 Pure Mathematics
10906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering
1Algorithms
1Antioxidant enzymes

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Biotic stress and crop improvement

- Huseynova, Irada, Sultanova, Nargiz, Mammadov, Almadar, Suleymanov, Saftar, Aliyev, Jalal

**Authors:**Huseynova, Irada , Sultanova, Nargiz , Mammadov, Almadar , Suleymanov, Saftar , Aliyev, Jalal**Date:**2014**Type:**Text , Book chapter**Relation:**Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes p. 91-120**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**Biotic stress is one of the major environmental factors affecting plants. Viruses, fungi, bacteria, weeds, insects, and other pests and pathogens represent a major constraint to agricultural productivity and a serious threat to vegetable and grain crops. Plant protection against pathogens and pests is a commercially important issue and one of the main directions of researches. Almost half of new infectious diseases identified in plants during the past 10 years have a viral nature. The number and distribution areas of some plant viruses in Europe have been increasing rapidly during the past 35 years that caused big problems from an economic point of view. Viral diseases have also become a real threat for different cultivars of vegetables, grains, and other agricultural crops in our country. It causes extensive leaf yellowing, stem and leaf deformation, reducing the fruit quality, substantial yield loss, and shortening the lifecycle of crops. The probable cause of decay of virus-infected plants is not only the virus activity itself but also reduced tolerance to unfavorable environmental conditions. The identification of the viruses affecting plants and the study of the plant responses are very important for the better understanding of the plant–virus interactions and for developing the tendency to reduce the plant virus-associated risks in Azerbaijan. Therefore, the main goal of the present study is to identify the most widespread plant viruses in Azerbaijan using different molecular techniques and to evaluate some characteristics of plant response to viral stress

Comparison of metaheuristic algorithms for pump operation optimization

- Bagirov, Adil, Ahmed, S. T., Barton, Andrew, Mala-Jetmarova, Helena, Al Nuaimat, Alia, Sultanova, Nargiz

**Authors:**Bagirov, Adil , Ahmed, S. T. , Barton, Andrew , Mala-Jetmarova, Helena , Al Nuaimat, Alia , Sultanova, Nargiz**Date:**2012**Type:**Text , Conference paper**Relation:**14th Water Distribution Systems Analysis Conference 2012, WDSA 2012 Vol. 2; Adelaide, Australia; 24th-27th September 2012; p. 886-896**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP0990908**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**Pumping cost constitutes the main part of the overall operating cost of water distribution systems. There are different optimization formulations of the pumping cost minimization problem including those with application of continuous and integer programming approaches. To date mainly various metaheuristics have been applied to solve this problem. However, the comprehensive comparison of those metaheuristics has not been done. Such a comparison is important to identify strengths and weaknesses of different algorithms which reflects on their performance. In this paper, we present a methodology for comparative analysis of widely used metaheuristics for solving the pumping cost minimization problem. This methodology includes the following comparison criteria: (a) the "optimal solution" obtained; (b) the efficiency; and (c) robustness. Algorithms applied are: particle swarm optimization, artificial bee colony and firefly algorithms. These algorithms were applied to one test problem available in the literature. The results obtained demonstrate that the artificial bee colony is the most robust and the firefly is the most efficient and accurate algorithm for this test problem. Funding :ARC

- Barton, Andrew, Mala-Jetmarova, Helena, Nuamat, Alia Mari Al, Bagirov, Adil, Sultanova, Nargiz, Ahmed, Shams Tabrez

**Authors:**Barton, Andrew , Mala-Jetmarova, Helena , Nuamat, Alia Mari Al , Bagirov, Adil , Sultanova, Nargiz , Ahmed, Shams Tabrez**Date:**2012**Type:**Text , Conference paper**Relation:**34th Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, HWRS 2012; Sydney, Australia; 19th-22nd November 2012; p. 1298-1305**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP0990908**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**The operation of a water distribution system is a complex task which involves scheduling of pumps, regulating water levels of storages, and providing satisfactory water quality to customers at required flow and pressure. Pump scheduling is one of the most important tasks of the operation of a water distribution system as it represents the major part of its operating costs. In this paper, a novel approach for modeling of pump scheduling to minimize energy consumption by pumps is introduced which uses pump's start/end run times. We separate two types of pumps, one is operated based on the water level in a storage and another one is operated based on downstream pressure. For the first type of pumps both the explicit and implicit pump scheduling can be used, whereas the second type pumps can be optimized only using implicit pump scheduling. The problem is formulated as an optimization problem and an algorithm is developed for its solution. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated using a literature test problem applying the hydraulic simulation model EPANet.

A novel approach to optimal pump scheduling in water distribution systems

- Bagirov, Adil, Barton, Andrew, Mala-Jetmarova, Helena, Al Nuaimat, Alia, Ahmed, S. T., Sultanova, Nargiz, Yearwood, John

**Authors:**Bagirov, Adil , Barton, Andrew , Mala-Jetmarova, Helena , Al Nuaimat, Alia , Ahmed, S. T. , Sultanova, Nargiz , Yearwood, John**Date:**2012**Type:**Text , Conference paper**Relation:**14th Water Distribution Systems Analysis Conference 2012, WDSA 2012 Vol. 1; Adelaide, Australia; 24th-27th September; p. 618-631**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP0990908**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**The operation of a water distribution system is a complex task which involves scheduling of pumps, regulating water levels of storages, and providing satisfactory water quality to customers at required flow and pressure. Pump scheduling is one of the most important tasks of the operation of a water distribution system as it represents the major part of its operating costs. In this paper, a novel approach for modeling of pump scheduling to minimize energy consumption by pumps is introduced which uses pump's start/end run times as continuous variables. This is different from other approaches where binary integer variables for each hour are typically used which is considered very impractical from an operational perspective. The problem is formulated as a nonlinear programming problem and a new algorithm is developed for its solution. This algorithm is based on the combination of the grid search with the Hooke-Jeeves pattern search method. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated using literature test problems applying the hydraulic simulation model EPANet.**Description:**E1

Solving minimax problems : Local smoothing versus global smoothing

- Bagirov, Adil, Sultanova, Nargiz, Al Nuaimat, Alia, Taheri, Sona

**Authors:**Bagirov, Adil , Sultanova, Nargiz , Al Nuaimat, Alia , Taheri, Sona**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Conference proceedings**Relation:**4th International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Optimization, NAO-IV 2017; Muscat, Oman; 2nd-5th January 2017; published in Numerical Analysis and Optimization NAO-IV (part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics book series PROMS, volume 235) Vol. 235, p. 23-43**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**The aim of this chapter is to compare different smoothing techniques for solving finite minimax problems. We consider the local smoothing technique which approximates the function in some neighborhood of a point of nondifferentiability and also global smoothing techniques such as the exponential and hyperbolic smoothing which approximate the function in the whole domain. Computational results on the collection of academic test problems are used to compare different smoothing techniques. Results show the superiority of the local smoothing technique for convex problems and global smoothing techniques for nonconvex problems. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.**Description:**Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics

A class of Increasing Positively Homogeneous functions for which global optimization problem is NP-hard

**Authors:**Sultanova, Nargiz**Date:**2009**Type:**Text , Thesis , Masters**Full Text:****Description:**It is well known that global optimization problems are, generally speaking, computationally infeasible, that is solving them would require an unreasonably large amount of time and/or space. In certain cases, for example, when objective functions and constraints are convex, it is possible to construct a feasible algorithm for solving global optimization problem successfully. Convexity, however, is not a phenomenon to be often expected in the applications. Nonconvex problems frequently arise in many industrial and scienti¯c areas. Therefore, it is only natural to try to replace convexity with some other structure at least for some classes of nonconvex optimization problems to render the global optimization problem feasible. A theory of abstract convexity has been developed as a result of the above considerations. Monotonic analysis, a branch of abstract convex analysis, is analogous in many ways to convex analysis, and sometimes is even simpler. It turned out that many problems of nonconvex optimization encountered in applications can be described in terms of monotonic functions. The analogies with convex analysis were considered to aid in solving some classes of nonconvex optimization problems. In this thesis we will focus on one of the elements of monotonic analysis - Increasing Positively Homogeneous functions of degree one or in short IPH functions. The aim of present research is to show that finding the solution and ²-approximation to the solution of the global optimization problem for IPH functions restricted to a unit simplex is an NP-hard problem. These results can be further extended to positively homogeneous functions of degree ´, ´ > 0.**Description:**Master of Mathematical Sciences (Research)

**Authors:**Sultanova, Nargiz**Date:**2009**Type:**Text , Thesis , Masters**Full Text:****Description:**It is well known that global optimization problems are, generally speaking, computationally infeasible, that is solving them would require an unreasonably large amount of time and/or space. In certain cases, for example, when objective functions and constraints are convex, it is possible to construct a feasible algorithm for solving global optimization problem successfully. Convexity, however, is not a phenomenon to be often expected in the applications. Nonconvex problems frequently arise in many industrial and scienti¯c areas. Therefore, it is only natural to try to replace convexity with some other structure at least for some classes of nonconvex optimization problems to render the global optimization problem feasible. A theory of abstract convexity has been developed as a result of the above considerations. Monotonic analysis, a branch of abstract convex analysis, is analogous in many ways to convex analysis, and sometimes is even simpler. It turned out that many problems of nonconvex optimization encountered in applications can be described in terms of monotonic functions. The analogies with convex analysis were considered to aid in solving some classes of nonconvex optimization problems. In this thesis we will focus on one of the elements of monotonic analysis - Increasing Positively Homogeneous functions of degree one or in short IPH functions. The aim of present research is to show that finding the solution and ²-approximation to the solution of the global optimization problem for IPH functions restricted to a unit simplex is an NP-hard problem. These results can be further extended to positively homogeneous functions of degree ´, ´ > 0.**Description:**Master of Mathematical Sciences (Research)

Hyperbolic smoothing function method for minimax problems

- Bagirov, Adil, Al Nuaimat, Alia, Sultanova, Nargiz

**Authors:**Bagirov, Adil , Al Nuaimat, Alia , Sultanova, Nargiz**Date:**2013**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Vol. 62, no. 6 (2013), p. 759-782**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**In this article, an approach for solving finite minimax problems is proposed. This approach is based on the use of hyperbolic smoothing functions. In order to apply the hyperbolic smoothing we reformulate the objective function in the minimax problem and study the relationship between the original minimax and reformulated problems. We also study main properties of the hyperbolic smoothing function. Based on these results an algorithm for solving the finite minimax problem is proposed and this algorithm is implemented in general algebraic modelling system. We present preliminary results of numerical experiments with well-known nonsmooth optimization test problems. We also compare the proposed algorithm with the algorithm that uses the exponential smoothing function as well as with the algorithm based on nonlinear programming reformulation of the finite minimax problem. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.**Description:**2003011099

- Bagirov, Adil, Barton, Andrew, Mala-Jetmarova, Helena, Al Nuaimat, Alia, Ahmed, S. T., Sultanova, Nargiz, Yearwood, John

**Authors:**Bagirov, Adil , Barton, Andrew , Mala-Jetmarova, Helena , Al Nuaimat, Alia , Ahmed, S. T. , Sultanova, Nargiz , Yearwood, John**Date:**2013**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical and Computer Modelling Vol. 57, no. 3-4 (2013), p. 873-886**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP0990908**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**The operation of a water distribution system is a complex task which involves scheduling of pumps, regulating water levels of storages, and providing satisfactory water quality to customers at required flow and pressure. Pump scheduling is one of the most important tasks of the operation of a water distribution system as it represents the major part of its operating costs. In this paper, a novel approach for modeling of explicit pump scheduling to minimize energy consumption by pumps is introduced which uses the pump start/end run times as continuous variables, and binary integer variables to describe the pump status at the beginning of the scheduling period. This is different from other approaches where binary integer variables for each hour are typically used, which is considered very impractical from an operational perspective. The problem is formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear programming problem, and a new algorithm is developed for its solution. This algorithm is based on the combination of the grid search with the Hooke-Jeeves pattern search method. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated using literature test problems applying the hydraulic simulation model EPANet. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.**Description:**2003010583

Lost in optimisation of water distribution systems? A literature review of system operation

- Mala-Jetmarova, Helena, Sultanova, Nargiz, Savic, Dragan

**Authors:**Mala-Jetmarova, Helena , Sultanova, Nargiz , Savic, Dragan**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article , Review**Relation:**Environmental Modelling and Software Vol. 93, no. (2017), p. 209-254**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Optimisation of the operation of water distribution systems has been an active research field for almost half a century. It has focused mainly on optimal pump operation to minimise pumping costs and optimal water quality management to ensure that standards at customer nodes are met. This paper provides a systematic review by bringing together over two hundred publications from the past three decades, which are relevant to operational optimisation of water distribution systems, particularly optimal pump operation, valve control and system operation for water quality purposes of both urban drinking and regional multiquality water distribution systems. Uniquely, it also contains substantial and thorough information for over one hundred publications in a tabular form, which lists optimisation models inclusive of objectives, constraints, decision variables, solution methodologies used and other details. Research challenges in terms of simulation models, optimisation model formulation, selection of optimisation method and postprocessing needs have also been identified. © 2017

**Authors:**Mala-Jetmarova, Helena , Sultanova, Nargiz , Savic, Dragan**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article , Review**Relation:**Environmental Modelling and Software Vol. 93, no. (2017), p. 209-254**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Optimisation of the operation of water distribution systems has been an active research field for almost half a century. It has focused mainly on optimal pump operation to minimise pumping costs and optimal water quality management to ensure that standards at customer nodes are met. This paper provides a systematic review by bringing together over two hundred publications from the past three decades, which are relevant to operational optimisation of water distribution systems, particularly optimal pump operation, valve control and system operation for water quality purposes of both urban drinking and regional multiquality water distribution systems. Uniquely, it also contains substantial and thorough information for over one hundred publications in a tabular form, which lists optimisation models inclusive of objectives, constraints, decision variables, solution methodologies used and other details. Research challenges in terms of simulation models, optimisation model formulation, selection of optimisation method and postprocessing needs have also been identified. © 2017

**Authors:**Sultanova, Nargiz**Date:**2015**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society Vol. 91, no. 3 (2015), p. 523-524**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**Nonsmooth optimisation problems are problems which deal with minimisation or maximisation of functions that are not necessarily differentiable. They arise frequently in many practical applications, for example in engineering, machine learning and economics. In addition, some smooth problems can be reformulated as nonsmooth optimisation problems with a simpler structure or a smaller dimension. Despite the fact that there exist many algorithms for solving nonsmooth optimisation problems, the field is still very much in development. Nonsmooth nonconvex optimisation, in particular, is far from being considered a mature branch of optimisation.

Subgradient Method for Nonconvex Nonsmooth Optimization

- Bagirov, Adil, Jin, L., Karmitsa, Napsu, Al Nuaimat, A., Sultanova, Nargiz

**Authors:**Bagirov, Adil , Jin, L. , Karmitsa, Napsu , Al Nuaimat, A. , Sultanova, Nargiz**Date:**2012**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol.157, no.2 (2012), p.416–435**Full Text:**false**Reviewed:****Description:**In this paper, we introduce a new method for solving nonconvex nonsmooth optimization problems. It uses quasisecants, which are subgradients computed in some neighborhood of a point. The proposed method contains simple procedures for finding descent directions and for solving line search subproblems. The convergence of the method is studied and preliminary results of numerical experiments are presented. The comparison of the proposed method with the subgradient and the proximal bundle methods is demonstrated using results of numerical experiments. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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