We examine augmented Lagrangians for optimization problems with a single (either inequality or equality) constraint. We establish some links between augmented Lagrangians and Lagrange-type functions and propose a new kind of Lagrange-type functions for a problem with a single inequality constraint. Finally, we discuss a supergradient algorithm for calculating optimal values of dual problems corresponding to some class of augmented Lagrangians.
We examine the validity of the zero duality gap properties for two important dual schemes: a generalized augmented Lagrangian dual scheme and a nonlinear Lagrange-type dual scheme. The necessary and sufficient conditions for the zero duality gap property to hold are established in terms of the lower semicontinuity of the perturbation functions.