Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) has been applied in numerous applications especially in the domain of computer vision. In these applications, image information used for building the SIFT descriptor can have a significant impact on its performance. When building orientation histograms for descriptors, a critical step is how to increment the values in the orientation bins. The original scheme for this step in SIFT was improved in . Two different types of gradient information are used for building orientation histograms. The limitations of the two schemes are identified in this paper and we then propose three new schemes which use both types of gradient information in the feature description and matching stages. Our experimental results show that the proposed schemes can achieve better registration performances than the schemes proposed in SIFT and .
Multimodal image registration (MMIR) is the alignment of contents in images captured from different sensors or instruments. MMIR is important in medical applications as it enables the visualization of the complementary contents in biomedical microscopic images. The registration for such images can be challenging as the structures of their contents are usually only partially similar. Thus in this paper, we propose a new method to maximize the structural similarity of the contents in such images by utilizing intensity relationships among Red-Green-Blue color channels. Our experimental results will demonstrate that our proposed method substantially improves the accuracy of registering such images as compared to the state-of-the-art methods.