Transfer function method is now a widely acceptable tool to diagnose transformer winding deformations. A sweep frequency sine wave generator is often used to excite the different modes of resonance and anti-resonances. However, it is time consuming. Nanosecond square wave pulse signal offers an alternative that can serve the same objective. However, as so far, there is no certain criterion for selecting pulse parameters. This paper provides a comprehensive method for the determination of nanosecond square wave pulse parameters for transfer function evaluation of power transformer for winding deformation studies.
Detecting the early signs of mechanical failures of power transformer winding is necessary and is possible with online monitoring techniques. Online impulse frequency response analysis (IFRA) is a promising diagnostic method when a transformer is in service. This paper examines the unrevealed problem existing in the method, namely, the impact of bushing capacitive coupling circuit on online impulse frequency response. An equivalent electrical model of capacitive coupling circuit and transformer winding is established. The frequency response of the capacitive coupling circuit is obtained to study its influence on online impulse frequency response. The parameter variations of capacitive coupling circuit caused by coupling capacitance variation and bushing dielectric breakdown are simulated to investigate their influence on online impulse frequency response signatures. A few experiments are eventually performed to verify the theoretical analysis and simulation results. This paper contributes to the application of online IFRA.