Community festivals appear to be proliferating, partly in response to local government social justice policy imperatives around strengthening sense of community among their constituents. This has led to policies that encourage participation by all so as to minimise social isolation, increase opportunities for interaction and facilitate greater understanding of difference, as well as the maintenance of minority cultural practices [Lee, I., Arcodia, C., & Jeonglyeol Lee, T. (2012). Benefits of visiting a multicultural festival: The case of South Korea. Tourism Management, 33, 334–340]. However, community is a contested and multifaceted term, and sense of community is intangible and therefore hard to measure. Taking a case study approach, this paper examined two community festivals in the growth corridor in the south-east of Melbourne, Australia; one a long-running grassroots festival celebrating the rural traditions of the area and the other a new festival designed and staged by the local authority to address their community strengthening objectives. The findings of the study show that both councils accept within their policies that festivals and events have strong connections with community and identity. However, their focus on a place-based definition of community and a relatively narrow view of what constitutes community has led to limited success in achieving their objectives.
Underpinning much of the literature surrounding lifestyle migration, counter-urbanisation and second-home use is the question of motivations and future intentions. In this paper, we explore the characteristics and orientations for future use of land by second-home owners in two locales in Victoria Australia, Phillip Island and Inverloch. Using both qualitative and quantitative survey data we find that there are three areas of second-home governance which ought to be considered strongly for future planning in these areas, health, roads and infrastructure and climate change or sustainability. Using data from permanent residents and second-home owners from these areas in collaboration with demographic data, we argue that underlining these areas is a primary concern, that of ageing. However, while these issues burn brightly for both users of property in these places, the ability for the local government authorities to deal with them is limited because of a lack of resources.