Complex target tracking applications require active sensor nodes to collaboratively track multiple moving targets, which can balance the trade-off between the quality of tracking and network's lifetime. In this paper, we develop a distributed sensor-selection protocol (DSSP) to activate dynamic number of sensors based on the cost metrics. Cost metrics contains energy-aware leadership cost and eagerness-based tracking cost; which selects sensors with higher energy resources and information utilities. DSSP enables an even distribution of energy consumption among the nodes to prolong the network lifetime. Our results show that the proposed scheme can significantly improve the network lifetime while maintaining the high tracking accuracy as compared to the other schemes.
Efficient target tracking applications use active sensor nodes collaboratively to track multiple moving targets by balancing the trade-off between the quality of tracking and network's lifetime. In this paper, we propose a low-energy dynamic sensor selection (LEDS) scheme to track multiple targets by estimating energy consumption of sensors and information utility projection of the targets on sensors to calculate the eagerness in tracking. Eagerness represents the eligibility of a sensor node to be selected for tracking, considering relative profiles of other sensors and location of all the targets in its vicinity. LEDS enables an even distribution of energy consumption among the nodes to prolong their remaining energies. Our results show that the proposed scheme can significantly improve the network lifetime over the existing methods while maintaining the high tracking accuracy in congested areas where multiple concurrent targets overlap.