Abstract—Gene Regulatory Network (GRN) plays an important role in the understanding of complex biological systems. In most cases, high throughput microarray gene expression data is used for finding these regulatory relationships among genes. In this paper, we present a novel approach, based on decoupled SSystem model, for reverse engineering GRNs. In the proposed method, the genetic algorithm used for scoring the networks contains several useful features for accurate network inference, namely a Prediction Initialization (PI) algorithm to initialize the individuals, a Flip Operation (FO) for better mating of values and a restricted execution of Hill Climbing Local Search over few individuals. It also includes a novel refinement technique which utilizes the fit solutions of the genetic algorithm for optimizing sensitivity and specificity of the inferred network. Comparative studies and robustness analysis using standard benchmark data set show the superiority of the proposed method.
With the advent of microarray technology, researchers are able to determine cellular dynamics for thousands of genes simultaneously, thereby enabling reverse engineering of the gene regulatory network (GRN) from high-throughput time-series gene expression data. Amongst the various currently available models for inferring GRN, the S-System formalism is often considered as an excellent compromise between accuracy and mathematical tractability. In this paper, a novel approach for inferring GRN based on the decoupled S-System model, incorporating the new concept of adaptive regulatory genes cardinality, is proposed. Parameter learning for the S-System is carried out in an evolving manner using a versatile and robust Trigonometric Evolutionary Algorithm. The applicability and efficiency of the proposed method is studied using a well-known and widely studied synthetic network with various levels of noise, and excellent performance observed. Further, investigations of a 5 gene in-vivo synthetic biological network of Saccharomyces cerevisiae called IRMA, has succeeded in detecting higher number of correct regulations compared to other approaches reported earlier.