In this paper we develop an optimization approach for the study of adverse drug reaction (ADR) problems. This approach is based on drug-reaction relationships represented in the form of a vector of weights, which can be defined as a solution to some global optimization problem. Although it can be used for solving many ADR problems, we concentrate on two of them here: the accurate identification of drugs that are responsible for reactions that have occurred, and drug-drug interactions. Based on drug-reaction relationships, we formulate these problems as an optimization problem. The approach is applied to cardiovascularn-type reactions from the Australian Adverse Drug Reaction Advisory Committee (ADRAC) database. Software based on this approach has been developed and could have beneficial use in prescribing.
In this paper is presented an hybrid algorithm for finding the absolute extreme point of a multimodal scalar function of many variables. The algorithm is suitable when the objective function is expensive to compute, the computation can be affected by noise and/or partial derivatives cannot be calculated. The method used is a genetic modification of a previous algorithm based on the Prices method. All information about behavior of objective function collected on previous iterates are used to chose new evaluation points. The genetic part of the algorithm is very effective to escape from local attractors of the algorithm and assures convergence in probability to the global optimum. The proposed algorithm has been tested on a large set of multimodal test problems outperforming both the modified Prices algorithm and classical genetic approach.