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19Kruger, Alexander
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A counterexample to De Pierro's conjecture on the convergence of under-relaxed cyclic projections

- Cominetti, Roberto, Roshchina, Vera, Williamson, Andrew

**Authors:**Cominetti, Roberto , Roshchina, Vera , Williamson, Andrew**Date:**2019**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Vol. 68, no. 1 (2019), p. 3-12**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The convex feasibility problem consists in finding a point in the intersection of a finite family of closed convex sets. When the intersection is empty, a best compromise is to search for a point that minimizes the sum of the squared distances to the sets. In 2001, de Pierro conjectured that the limit cycles generated by the ε-under-relaxed cyclic projection method converge when ε ↓ 0 towards a least squares solution. While the conjecture has been confirmed under fairly general conditions, we show that it is false in general by constructing a system of three compact convex sets in R3 for which the ε-under-relaxed cycles do not converge. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

**Authors:**Cominetti, Roberto , Roshchina, Vera , Williamson, Andrew**Date:**2019**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Vol. 68, no. 1 (2019), p. 3-12**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The convex feasibility problem consists in finding a point in the intersection of a finite family of closed convex sets. When the intersection is empty, a best compromise is to search for a point that minimizes the sum of the squared distances to the sets. In 2001, de Pierro conjectured that the limit cycles generated by the ε-under-relaxed cyclic projection method converge when ε ↓ 0 towards a least squares solution. While the conjecture has been confirmed under fairly general conditions, we show that it is false in general by constructing a system of three compact convex sets in R3 for which the ε-under-relaxed cycles do not converge. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Characterizations of nonsmooth robustly quasiconvex functions

- Bui, Hoa, Khanh, Pham, Tran, Thi

**Authors:**Bui, Hoa , Khanh, Pham , Tran, Thi**Date:**2019**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol. 180, no. 3 (2019), p. 775-786**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Two criteria for the robust quasiconvexity of lower semicontinuous functions are established in terms of Fréchet subdifferentials in Asplund spaces. The first criterion extends to such spaces a result established by Barron et al. (Discrete Contin Dyn Syst Ser B 17:1693–1706, 2012). The second criterion is totally new even if it is applied to lower semicontinuous functions on finite-dimensional spaces. © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

**Authors:**Bui, Hoa , Khanh, Pham , Tran, Thi**Date:**2019**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol. 180, no. 3 (2019), p. 775-786**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Two criteria for the robust quasiconvexity of lower semicontinuous functions are established in terms of Fréchet subdifferentials in Asplund spaces. The first criterion extends to such spaces a result established by Barron et al. (Discrete Contin Dyn Syst Ser B 17:1693–1706, 2012). The second criterion is totally new even if it is applied to lower semicontinuous functions on finite-dimensional spaces. © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

The Demyanov–Ryabova conjecture is false

**Authors:**Roshchina, Vera**Date:**2019**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Letters Vol. 13, no. 1 (2019), p. 227-234**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**It was conjectured by Demyanov and Ryabova (Discrete Contin Dyn Syst 31(4):1273–1292, 2011) that the minimal cycle in the sequence obtained via repeated application of the Demyanov converter to a finite family of polytopes is at most two. We construct a counterexample for which the minimal cycle has length 4.

**Authors:**Roshchina, Vera**Date:**2019**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Letters Vol. 13, no. 1 (2019), p. 227-234**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**It was conjectured by Demyanov and Ryabova (Discrete Contin Dyn Syst 31(4):1273–1292, 2011) that the minimal cycle in the sequence obtained via repeated application of the Demyanov converter to a finite family of polytopes is at most two. We construct a counterexample for which the minimal cycle has length 4.

Double bundle method for finding clarke stationary points in nonsmooth dc programming

- Joki, Kaisa, Bagirov, Adil, Karmitsa, Napsu, Makela, Marko, Taheri, Sona

**Authors:**Joki, Kaisa , Bagirov, Adil , Karmitsa, Napsu , Makela, Marko , Taheri, Sona**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**SIAM Journal on Optimization Vol. 28, no. 2 (2018), p. 1892-1919**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP140103213**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The aim of this paper is to introduce a new proximal double bundle method for unconstrained nonsmooth optimization, where the objective function is presented as a difference of two convex (DC) functions. The novelty in our method is a new escape procedure which enables us to guarantee approximate Clarke stationarity for solutions by utilizing the DC components of the objective function. This optimality condition is stronger than the criticality condition typically used in DC programming. Moreover, if a candidate solution is not approximate Clarke stationary, then the escape procedure returns a descent direction. With this escape procedure, we can avoid some shortcomings encountered when criticality is used. The finite termination of the double bundle method to an approximate Clarke stationary point is proved by assuming that the subdifferentials of DC components are polytopes. Finally, some encouraging numerical results are presented.

**Authors:**Joki, Kaisa , Bagirov, Adil , Karmitsa, Napsu , Makela, Marko , Taheri, Sona**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**SIAM Journal on Optimization Vol. 28, no. 2 (2018), p. 1892-1919**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP140103213**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The aim of this paper is to introduce a new proximal double bundle method for unconstrained nonsmooth optimization, where the objective function is presented as a difference of two convex (DC) functions. The novelty in our method is a new escape procedure which enables us to guarantee approximate Clarke stationarity for solutions by utilizing the DC components of the objective function. This optimality condition is stronger than the criticality condition typically used in DC programming. Moreover, if a candidate solution is not approximate Clarke stationary, then the escape procedure returns a descent direction. With this escape procedure, we can avoid some shortcomings encountered when criticality is used. The finite termination of the double bundle method to an approximate Clarke stationary point is proved by assuming that the subdifferentials of DC components are polytopes. Finally, some encouraging numerical results are presented.

On modeling and complete solutions to general fixpoint problems in multi-scale systems with applications

**Authors:**Ruan, Ning , Gao, David**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Fixed Point Theory and Applications Vol. 2018, no. 1 (2018), p. 1-19**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper revisits the well-studied fixed point problem from a unified viewpoint of mathematical modeling and canonical duality theory, i.e., the general fixed point problem is first reformulated as a nonconvex optimization problem, its well-posedness is discussed based on the objectivity principle in continuum physics; then the canonical duality theory is applied for solving this challenging problem to obtain not only all fixed points, but also their stability properties. Applications are illustrated by problems governed by nonconvex polynomial, exponential, and logarithmic operators. This paper shows that within the framework of the canonical duality theory, there is no difference between the fixed point problems and nonconvex analysis/optimization in multidisciplinary studies.

**Authors:**Ruan, Ning , Gao, David**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Fixed Point Theory and Applications Vol. 2018, no. 1 (2018), p. 1-19**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper revisits the well-studied fixed point problem from a unified viewpoint of mathematical modeling and canonical duality theory, i.e., the general fixed point problem is first reformulated as a nonconvex optimization problem, its well-posedness is discussed based on the objectivity principle in continuum physics; then the canonical duality theory is applied for solving this challenging problem to obtain not only all fixed points, but also their stability properties. Applications are illustrated by problems governed by nonconvex polynomial, exponential, and logarithmic operators. This paper shows that within the framework of the canonical duality theory, there is no difference between the fixed point problems and nonconvex analysis/optimization in multidisciplinary studies.

On SPD method for solving canonical dual problem in post buckling of large deformed elastic beam

**Authors:**Ali, Elaf , Gao, David**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Communications in Mathematical Sciences Vol. 16, no. 5 (2018), p. 1225-1240**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper presents a new methodology and algorithm for solving post buckling problems of a large deformed elastic beam. The total potential energy of this beam is a nonconvex functional, which can be used to model both pre- and post-buckling phenomena. By using a canonical dual finite element method, a new primal-dual semi-definite programming (PD-SDP) algorithm is presented, which can be used to obtain all possible post-buckled solutions. Applications are illustrated by several numerical examples with different boundary conditions. We find that the global minimum solution of the nonconvex potential leads to a stable configuration of the buckled beam, the local maximum solution leads to the unbuckled state, and both of these two solutions are numerically stable. However, the local minimum solution leads to an unstable buckled state, which is very sensitive to axial compressive forces, thickness of beam, numerical precision, and the size of finite elements. The method and algorithm proposed in this paper can be used for solving general nonconvex variational problems in engineering and sciences.

**Authors:**Ali, Elaf , Gao, David**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Communications in Mathematical Sciences Vol. 16, no. 5 (2018), p. 1225-1240**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper presents a new methodology and algorithm for solving post buckling problems of a large deformed elastic beam. The total potential energy of this beam is a nonconvex functional, which can be used to model both pre- and post-buckling phenomena. By using a canonical dual finite element method, a new primal-dual semi-definite programming (PD-SDP) algorithm is presented, which can be used to obtain all possible post-buckled solutions. Applications are illustrated by several numerical examples with different boundary conditions. We find that the global minimum solution of the nonconvex potential leads to a stable configuration of the buckled beam, the local maximum solution leads to the unbuckled state, and both of these two solutions are numerically stable. However, the local minimum solution leads to an unstable buckled state, which is very sensitive to axial compressive forces, thickness of beam, numerical precision, and the size of finite elements. The method and algorithm proposed in this paper can be used for solving general nonconvex variational problems in engineering and sciences.

Perturbation of error bounds

- Kruger, Alexander, López, Marco, Théra, Michel

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , López, Marco , Théra, Michel**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Programming Vol. 168, no. 1-2 (2018), p. 533-554**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Our aim in the current article is to extend the developments in Kruger et al. (SIAM J Optim 20(6):3280–3296, 2010. doi:10.1137/100782206) and, more precisely, to characterize, in the Banach space setting, the stability of the local and global error bound property of inequalities determined by lower semicontinuous functions under data perturbations. We propose new concepts of (arbitrary, convex and linear) perturbations of the given function defining the system under consideration, which turn out to be a useful tool in our analysis. The characterizations of error bounds for families of perturbations can be interpreted as estimates of the ‘radius of error bounds’. The definitions and characterizations are illustrated by examples. © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Mathematical Optimization Society.

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , López, Marco , Théra, Michel**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Programming Vol. 168, no. 1-2 (2018), p. 533-554**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Our aim in the current article is to extend the developments in Kruger et al. (SIAM J Optim 20(6):3280–3296, 2010. doi:10.1137/100782206) and, more precisely, to characterize, in the Banach space setting, the stability of the local and global error bound property of inequalities determined by lower semicontinuous functions under data perturbations. We propose new concepts of (arbitrary, convex and linear) perturbations of the given function defining the system under consideration, which turn out to be a useful tool in our analysis. The characterizations of error bounds for families of perturbations can be interpreted as estimates of the ‘radius of error bounds’. The definitions and characterizations are illustrated by examples. © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Mathematical Optimization Society.

Set regularities and feasibility problems

- Kruger, Alexander, Luke, Russell, Thao, Nguyen

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Luke, Russell , Thao, Nguyen**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Programming Vol. 168, no. 1-2 (2018), p. 279-311**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We synthesize and unify notions of regularity, both of individual sets and of collections of sets, as they appear in the convergence theory of projection methods for consistent feasibility problems. Several new characterizations of regularities are presented which shed light on the relations between seemingly different ideas and point to possible necessary conditions for local linear convergence of fundamental algorithms

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Luke, Russell , Thao, Nguyen**Date:**2018**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Programming Vol. 168, no. 1-2 (2018), p. 279-311**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We synthesize and unify notions of regularity, both of individual sets and of collections of sets, as they appear in the convergence theory of projection methods for consistent feasibility problems. Several new characterizations of regularities are presented which shed light on the relations between seemingly different ideas and point to possible necessary conditions for local linear convergence of fundamental algorithms

A comparison of bidding strategies for online auctions using fuzzy reasoning and negotiation decision functions

- Kaur, Preetinder, Goyal, Madhu, Lu, Jie

**Authors:**Kaur, Preetinder , Goyal, Madhu , Lu, Jie**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems Vol. 25, no. 2 (2017), p. 425-438**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Bidders often feel challenged when looking for the best bidding strategies to excel in the competitive environment of multiple and simultaneous online auctions for same or similar items. Bidders face complicated issues for deciding which auction to participate in, whether to bid early or late, and how much to bid. In this paper, we present the design of bidding strategies, which aim to forecast the bid amounts for buyers at a particular moment in time based on their bidding behavior and their valuation of an auctioned item. The agent develops a comprehensive methodology for final price estimation, which designs bidding strategies to address buyers' different bidding behaviors using two approaches: Mamdani method with regression analysis and negotiation decision functions. The experimental results show that the agents who follow fuzzy reasoning with a regression approach outperform other existing agents in most settings in terms of their success rate and expected utility.

**Authors:**Kaur, Preetinder , Goyal, Madhu , Lu, Jie**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems Vol. 25, no. 2 (2017), p. 425-438**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**Bidders often feel challenged when looking for the best bidding strategies to excel in the competitive environment of multiple and simultaneous online auctions for same or similar items. Bidders face complicated issues for deciding which auction to participate in, whether to bid early or late, and how much to bid. In this paper, we present the design of bidding strategies, which aim to forecast the bid amounts for buyers at a particular moment in time based on their bidding behavior and their valuation of an auctioned item. The agent develops a comprehensive methodology for final price estimation, which designs bidding strategies to address buyers' different bidding behaviors using two approaches: Mamdani method with regression analysis and negotiation decision functions. The experimental results show that the agents who follow fuzzy reasoning with a regression approach outperform other existing agents in most settings in terms of their success rate and expected utility.

Borwein–Preiss vector variational principle

- Kruger, Alexander, Plubtieng, Somyot, Seangwattana, Thidaporn

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Plubtieng, Somyot , Seangwattana, Thidaporn**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Positivity Vol. 21, no. 4 (2017), p. 1273-1292**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This article extends to the vector setting the results of our previous work Kruger et al. (J Math Anal Appl 435(2):1183–1193, 2016) which refined and slightly strengthened the metric space version of the Borwein–Preiss variational principle due to Li and Shi (J Math Anal Appl 246(1):308–319, 2000. doi:10.1006/jmaa.2000.6813). We introduce and characterize two seemingly new natural concepts of ε-minimality, one of them dependent on the chosen element in the ordering cone and the fixed “gauge-type” function. © 2017, Springer International Publishing.

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Plubtieng, Somyot , Seangwattana, Thidaporn**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Positivity Vol. 21, no. 4 (2017), p. 1273-1292**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This article extends to the vector setting the results of our previous work Kruger et al. (J Math Anal Appl 435(2):1183–1193, 2016) which refined and slightly strengthened the metric space version of the Borwein–Preiss variational principle due to Li and Shi (J Math Anal Appl 246(1):308–319, 2000. doi:10.1006/jmaa.2000.6813). We introduce and characterize two seemingly new natural concepts of ε-minimality, one of them dependent on the chosen element in the ordering cone and the fixed “gauge-type” function. © 2017, Springer International Publishing.

Characterization theorem for best polynomial spline approximation with free knots, variable degree and fixed tails

- Crouzeix, Jean-Pierre, Sukhorukova, Nadezda, Ugon, Julien

**Authors:**Crouzeix, Jean-Pierre , Sukhorukova, Nadezda , Ugon, Julien**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol. 172, no. 3 (2017), p. 950-964**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this paper, we derive a necessary condition for a best approximation by piecewise polynomial functions of varying degree from one interval to another. Based on these results, we obtain a characterization theorem for the polynomial splines with fixed tails, that is the value of the spline is fixed in one or more knots (external or internal). We apply nonsmooth nonconvex analysis to obtain this result, which is also a necessary and sufficient condition for inf-stationarity in the sense of Demyanov-Rubinov. This paper is an extension of a paper where similar conditions were obtained for free tails splines. The main results of this paper are essential for the development of a Remez-type algorithm for free knot spline approximation.

**Authors:**Crouzeix, Jean-Pierre , Sukhorukova, Nadezda , Ugon, Julien**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol. 172, no. 3 (2017), p. 950-964**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this paper, we derive a necessary condition for a best approximation by piecewise polynomial functions of varying degree from one interval to another. Based on these results, we obtain a characterization theorem for the polynomial splines with fixed tails, that is the value of the spline is fixed in one or more knots (external or internal). We apply nonsmooth nonconvex analysis to obtain this result, which is also a necessary and sufficient condition for inf-stationarity in the sense of Demyanov-Rubinov. This paper is an extension of a paper where similar conditions were obtained for free tails splines. The main results of this paper are essential for the development of a Remez-type algorithm for free knot spline approximation.

Density character of subgroups of topological groups

- Leiderman, Arkady, Morris, Sidney, Tkachenko, Mikhail

**Authors:**Leiderman, Arkady , Morris, Sidney , Tkachenko, Mikhail**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Transactions of the American Mathematical Society Vol. 369, no. 8 (2017), p. 5645-5664**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We give a complete characterization of subgroups of separable topological groups. Then we show that the following conditions are equivalent for an omega-narrow topological group G: (i) G is homeomorphic to a subspace of a separable regular space; (ii) G is topologically isomorphic to a subgroup of a separable topological group; (iii) G is topologically isomorphic to a closed subgroup of a separable path-connected, locally path-connected topological group. A pro-Lie group is a projective limit of finite-dimensional Lie groups. We prove here that an almost connected pro-Lie group is separable if and only if its weight is not greater than the cardinality c of the continuum. It is deduced from this that an almost connected pro-Lie group is separable if and only if it is homeomorphic to a subspace of a separable Hausdorff space. It is also proved that a locally compact (even feathered) topological group G which is a subgroup of a separable Hausdorff topological group is separable, but the conclusion is false if it is assumed only that G is homeomorphic to a subspace of a separable Tychonoff space. We show that every precompact (abelian) topological group of weight less than or equal to c is topologically isomorphic to a closed subgroup of a separable pseudocompact (abelian) group of weight c. This result implies that there is a wealth of closed non-separable subgroups of separable pseudocompact groups. An example is also presented under the Continuum Hypothesis of a separable countably compact abelian group which contains a non-separable closed subgroup.

**Authors:**Leiderman, Arkady , Morris, Sidney , Tkachenko, Mikhail**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Transactions of the American Mathematical Society Vol. 369, no. 8 (2017), p. 5645-5664**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We give a complete characterization of subgroups of separable topological groups. Then we show that the following conditions are equivalent for an omega-narrow topological group G: (i) G is homeomorphic to a subspace of a separable regular space; (ii) G is topologically isomorphic to a subgroup of a separable topological group; (iii) G is topologically isomorphic to a closed subgroup of a separable path-connected, locally path-connected topological group. A pro-Lie group is a projective limit of finite-dimensional Lie groups. We prove here that an almost connected pro-Lie group is separable if and only if its weight is not greater than the cardinality c of the continuum. It is deduced from this that an almost connected pro-Lie group is separable if and only if it is homeomorphic to a subspace of a separable Hausdorff space. It is also proved that a locally compact (even feathered) topological group G which is a subgroup of a separable Hausdorff topological group is separable, but the conclusion is false if it is assumed only that G is homeomorphic to a subspace of a separable Tychonoff space. We show that every precompact (abelian) topological group of weight less than or equal to c is topologically isomorphic to a closed subgroup of a separable pseudocompact (abelian) group of weight c. This result implies that there is a wealth of closed non-separable subgroups of separable pseudocompact groups. An example is also presented under the Continuum Hypothesis of a separable countably compact abelian group which contains a non-separable closed subgroup.

Farkas-type results for vector-valued functions with applications

- Dinh, Nguyen, Goberna, Miguel, Lopez, Marco, Mo, T. H.

**Authors:**Dinh, Nguyen , Goberna, Miguel , Lopez, Marco , Mo, T. H.**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol. 173, no. 2 (2017), p. 357-390**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The main purpose of this paper consists of providing characterizations of the inclusion of the solution set of a given conic system posed in a real locally convex topological space into a variety of subsets of the same space defined by means of vector-valued functions. These Farkas-type results are used to derive characterizations of the weak solutions of vector optimization problems (including multiobjective and scalar ones), vector variational inequalities, and vector equilibrium problems.

**Authors:**Dinh, Nguyen , Goberna, Miguel , Lopez, Marco , Mo, T. H.**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications Vol. 173, no. 2 (2017), p. 357-390**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The main purpose of this paper consists of providing characterizations of the inclusion of the solution set of a given conic system posed in a real locally convex topological space into a variety of subsets of the same space defined by means of vector-valued functions. These Farkas-type results are used to derive characterizations of the weak solutions of vector optimization problems (including multiobjective and scalar ones), vector variational inequalities, and vector equilibrium problems.

On the Aubin property of a class of parameterized variational systems

- Gfrerer, Helmut, Outrata, Jiri

**Authors:**Gfrerer, Helmut , Outrata, Jiri**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Methods of Operations Research Vol. 86, no. 3 (2017), p. 443-467**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The paper deals with a new sharp condition ensuring the Aubin property of solution maps to a class of parameterized variational systems. This class encompasses various types of parameterized variational inequalities/generalized equations with fairly general constraint sets. The new condition requires computation of directional limiting coderivatives of the normal-cone mapping for the so-called critical directions. The respective formulas have the form of a second-order chain rule and extend the available calculus of directional limiting objects. The suggested procedure is illustrated by means of examples. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.

**Authors:**Gfrerer, Helmut , Outrata, Jiri**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Mathematical Methods of Operations Research Vol. 86, no. 3 (2017), p. 443-467**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP160100854**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The paper deals with a new sharp condition ensuring the Aubin property of solution maps to a class of parameterized variational systems. This class encompasses various types of parameterized variational inequalities/generalized equations with fairly general constraint sets. The new condition requires computation of directional limiting coderivatives of the normal-cone mapping for the so-called critical directions. The respective formulas have the form of a second-order chain rule and extend the available calculus of directional limiting objects. The suggested procedure is illustrated by means of examples. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.

On the convexity of nonlinear elastic energies in the right Cauchy-Green tensor

- Gao, David, Neff, Patrizio, Roventa, Ionel, Thiel, Christian

**Authors:**Gao, David , Neff, Patrizio , Roventa, Ionel , Thiel, Christian**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Elasticity Vol. 127, no. 2 (2017), p. 303-308**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We present a sufficient condition under which a weak solution of the Euler-Lagrange equations in nonlinear elasticity is already a global minimizer of the corresponding elastic energy functional. This criterion is applicable to energies which are convex with respect to the right Cauchy-Green tensor , where denotes the gradient of deformation. Examples of such energies exhibiting a blow up for are given.

**Authors:**Gao, David , Neff, Patrizio , Roventa, Ionel , Thiel, Christian**Date:**2017**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Elasticity Vol. 127, no. 2 (2017), p. 303-308**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**We present a sufficient condition under which a weak solution of the Euler-Lagrange equations in nonlinear elasticity is already a global minimizer of the corresponding elastic energy functional. This criterion is applicable to energies which are convex with respect to the right Cauchy-Green tensor , where denotes the gradient of deformation. Examples of such energies exhibiting a blow up for are given.

A generalization of a theorem of Arrow, Barankin and Blackwell to a nonconvex case

- Kasimbeyli, Nergiz, Kasimbeyli, Refail, Mammadov, Musa

**Authors:**Kasimbeyli, Nergiz , Kasimbeyli, Refail , Mammadov, Musa**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Vol. 65, no. 5 (May 2016), p. 937-945**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The paper presents a generalization of a known density theorem of Arrow, Barankin, and Blackwell for properly efficient points defined as support points of sets with respect to monotonically increasing sublinear functions. This result is shown to hold for nonconvex sets of a partially ordered reflexive Banach space.

**Authors:**Kasimbeyli, Nergiz , Kasimbeyli, Refail , Mammadov, Musa**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Vol. 65, no. 5 (May 2016), p. 937-945**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**The paper presents a generalization of a known density theorem of Arrow, Barankin, and Blackwell for properly efficient points defined as support points of sets with respect to monotonically increasing sublinear functions. This result is shown to hold for nonconvex sets of a partially ordered reflexive Banach space.

Analytical solutions to general anti-plane shear problems in finite elasticity

**Authors:**Gao, David**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics Vol. 28, no. 1-2 (2016), p. 175-194**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper presents a pure complementary energy variational method for solving a general anti-plane shear problem in finite elasticity. Based on the canonical dualityâ€“triality theory developed by the author, the nonlinear/nonconvex partial differential equations for the large deformation problem are converted into an algebraic equation in dual space, which can, in principle, be solved to obtain a complete set of stress solutions. Therefore, a general analytical solution form of the deformation is obtained subjected to a compatibility condition. Applications are illustrated by examples with both convex and nonconvex stored strain energies governed by quadratic-exponential and power-law material models, respectively. Results show that the nonconvex variational problem could have multiple solutions at each material point, the complementary gap function and the triality theory can be used to identify both global and local extremal solutions, while the popular convexity conditions (including rank-one condition) provide mainly local minimal criteria and the Legendre-Hadamard condition (i.e., the so-called strong ellipticity condition) does not guarantee uniqueness of solutions. This paper demonstrates again that the pure complementary energy principle and the triality theory play important roles in finite deformation theory and nonconvex analysis. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

**Authors:**Gao, David**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics Vol. 28, no. 1-2 (2016), p. 175-194**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper presents a pure complementary energy variational method for solving a general anti-plane shear problem in finite elasticity. Based on the canonical dualityâ€“triality theory developed by the author, the nonlinear/nonconvex partial differential equations for the large deformation problem are converted into an algebraic equation in dual space, which can, in principle, be solved to obtain a complete set of stress solutions. Therefore, a general analytical solution form of the deformation is obtained subjected to a compatibility condition. Applications are illustrated by examples with both convex and nonconvex stored strain energies governed by quadratic-exponential and power-law material models, respectively. Results show that the nonconvex variational problem could have multiple solutions at each material point, the complementary gap function and the triality theory can be used to identify both global and local extremal solutions, while the popular convexity conditions (including rank-one condition) provide mainly local minimal criteria and the Legendre-Hadamard condition (i.e., the so-called strong ellipticity condition) does not guarantee uniqueness of solutions. This paper demonstrates again that the pure complementary energy principle and the triality theory play important roles in finite deformation theory and nonconvex analysis. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Borwein-Preiss variational principle revisited

- Kruger, Alexander, Plubtieng, Somyot, Seangwattana, Thidaporn

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Plubtieng, Somyot , Seangwattana, Thidaporn**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications Vol. 435, no. 2 (2016), p. 1183-1193**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110102011**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this article, we refine and slightly strengthen the metric space version of the Borwein-Preiss variational principle due to Li and Shi (2000) [12], clarify the assumptions and conclusions of their Theorem 1 as well as Theorem 2.5.2 in Borwein and Zhu (2005) [4] and streamline the proofs. Our main result, Theorem 3 is formulated in the metric space setting. When reduced to Banach spaces (Corollary 9), it extends and strengthens the smooth variational principle established in Borwein and Preiss (1987) [3] along several directions. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

**Authors:**Kruger, Alexander , Plubtieng, Somyot , Seangwattana, Thidaporn**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications Vol. 435, no. 2 (2016), p. 1183-1193**Relation:**http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110102011**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this article, we refine and slightly strengthen the metric space version of the Borwein-Preiss variational principle due to Li and Shi (2000) [12], clarify the assumptions and conclusions of their Theorem 1 as well as Theorem 2.5.2 in Borwein and Zhu (2005) [4] and streamline the proofs. Our main result, Theorem 3 is formulated in the metric space setting. When reduced to Banach spaces (Corollary 9), it extends and strengthens the smooth variational principle established in Borwein and Preiss (1987) [3] along several directions. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Canonical duality for solving general nonconvex constrained problems

- Latorre, Vittorio, Gao, David

**Authors:**Latorre, Vittorio , Gao, David**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Letters Vol. 10, no. 8 (2016), p. 1763-1779**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper presents a canonical duality theory for solving a general nonconvex constrained optimization problem within a unified framework to cover Lagrange multiplier method and KKT theory. It is proved that if both target function and constraints possess certain patterns necessary for modeling real systems, a perfect dual problem (without duality gap) can be obtained in a unified form with global optimality conditions provided.While the popular augmented Lagrangian method may produce more difficult nonconvex problems due to the nonlinearity of constraints. Some fundamental concepts such as the objectivity and Lagrangian in nonlinear programming are addressed.

**Authors:**Latorre, Vittorio , Gao, David**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**Optimization Letters Vol. 10, no. 8 (2016), p. 1763-1779**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**This paper presents a canonical duality theory for solving a general nonconvex constrained optimization problem within a unified framework to cover Lagrange multiplier method and KKT theory. It is proved that if both target function and constraints possess certain patterns necessary for modeling real systems, a perfect dual problem (without duality gap) can be obtained in a unified form with global optimality conditions provided.While the popular augmented Lagrangian method may produce more difficult nonconvex problems due to the nonlinearity of constraints. Some fundamental concepts such as the objectivity and Lagrangian in nonlinear programming are addressed.

Comparative analysis of numerical solution of optimal control problems

- Shangareeva, Gulnaz, Grigoryev, Igor, Mustafina, Svetlana

**Authors:**Shangareeva, Gulnaz , Grigoryev, Igor , Mustafina, Svetlana**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics Vol. 110, no. 4 (2016), p. 645-649**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this article step by step algorithms were developed for solving optimal control problems based on the method of successive approximations and the method of variations in the space of controls. The algorithm of the method of successive approximations requires details of the problem to the boundary problem of the maximum principle. In turn, the algorithm of the variations is more versatile because it is based on iterating state variables and control in the phase space. A numerical study and comparative analysis of the developed algorithms performed at different values of accuracy. © 2016 Academic Publications, Ltd.

**Authors:**Shangareeva, Gulnaz , Grigoryev, Igor , Mustafina, Svetlana**Date:**2016**Type:**Text , Journal article**Relation:**International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics Vol. 110, no. 4 (2016), p. 645-649**Full Text:****Reviewed:****Description:**In this article step by step algorithms were developed for solving optimal control problems based on the method of successive approximations and the method of variations in the space of controls. The algorithm of the method of successive approximations requires details of the problem to the boundary problem of the maximum principle. In turn, the algorithm of the variations is more versatile because it is based on iterating state variables and control in the phase space. A numerical study and comparative analysis of the developed algorithms performed at different values of accuracy. © 2016 Academic Publications, Ltd.

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