This study concentrates on optimizing a multi-state weighted k-out-of-n system consisting of different types of reparable components. An optimization model is developed to decide upon both optimal redundancy allocation and best maintenance activities for reliability allocation. The optimization model is to maximize system reliability and minimize system cost simultaneously. To reach this goal, a financial view has been employed to estimate the system reliability, and combine it with system cost. The proposed model determines the number of each component type in the system, and the maintenance actions and the time at which they should be applied. Also, the model is programmed by MATLAB, and Genetic Algorithm is used to solve a practical case. (C) 2016 The Society of Manufacturing Engineers. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
The purpose of this paper is to propose a modified version of Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) to alleviate its drawbacks. FMEA is an important tool in risk evaluation and finding the priority of potential failure modes for corrective actions. In the proposed method, the Universal Generating Function (UGF) approach has been used to improve the assessment capability of the conventional Risk Priority Number (RPN) in ranking. The new method is named as URPN. It generates the most number of unique values in comparison with the previous methods and considers relative importance for the parameters while it is easy to compute. More unique numbers help to avoid from having the same priority level for different failure modes which represent various risk levels. A case study has been employed to demonstrate that the URPN not only can improve the shortcomings but also is able to provide accurate values for risk assessment. Copyright (c) 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.