Vibration testing is an essential component in Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). It can provide vital information regarding the integrity of critical structure; for instance, it can provide information on progressive failure monitoring of composites structure in the aerospace industry. Over the past decade, there have been many successful researches showing extraordinary ability of Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors as a dynamic sensor. Ability of acquiring both static and dynamic strain measurements, make FBG sensor as a good alternative to replace the conventional vibration sensors. In addition the physical size of FBG sensor provides greater access to embed them in composite structures without affecting to any properties of the composite. However, in most applications to date, people have used only the FBG with wavelength 1550 nm. Moreover, FBG sensors with this wavelength are commonly use in industries such as telecommunications and medical industries. However, there is an option of using near infra-red (NIR) FBG range which comparably cheap in term of total system design. This paper details the use of near infra-red (NIR) FBGs as dynamic sensors; a part of SHM system for the monitoring of the damages in a thin glass fiber composite plates. Results reveal that the NIR FBG range gives good response to an impact and; also to applied high frequency vibrations.
During the past decade, many successful studies have evidently shown remarkable capability of Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBG) sensor for dynamic sensing. Most of the research works utilized the 1550 nm wavelength range of FBG sensors. However near infra-red (NIR) FBG sensors can offer the lower cost of Structural health Monitoring (SHM) systems which uses cheaper silicon sources and detectors. Unfortunately, the excessive noise levels that experienced in NIR wavelengths have caused the rejection of sensor that operating in this range of wavelengths for SHM systems. However, with the appropriate use of signal processing tools, these noisy signals can be easily ‘cleaned’. Wavelet analysis is one of the powerful signal processing tools nowadays, not only for time-frequency analysis but also for signal denoising. This present study revealed that the NIR FBG range gave good response to impact signals. Furthermore, these ‘noisy’ signals’ response were successfully filtered using one dimensional wavelet analysis.