In this paper, we propose a method for indexing and retrieval of images based on shapes of objects. The concept of connectivity is introduced. 3D models are used to represent 2D images. 2D images are decomposed a priori using connectivity which is followed by 3D model construction. 3D model descriptors are obtained for 3D models and used to represent the underlying 2D shapes. We have used spherical harmonics descriptors as the 3D model descriptors. Difference between two images is computed as the Euclidean distance between their descriptors. Experiments are performed to test the effectiveness of spherical harmonics for retrieval of 2D images. The proposed method is compared with methods based on principal components analysis (PCA) and generic Fourier descriptors (GFD). It is found that the proposed method is effective. Item S8 within the MPEG-7 still images content set is used for performing experiments.
Traditional image retrieval systems are content based image retrieval systems which rely on low-level features for indexing and retrieval of images. CBIR systems fail to meet user expectations because of the gap between the low level features used by such systems and the high level perception of images by humans. Semantics based methods have been used to describe images according to their high level features. In this paper, we performed experiments to identify the failure of existing semantics-based methods to retrieve images in a particular semantic category. We have proposed a new semantic category to describe the intra-region color feature. The proposed semantic category complements the existing high level descriptions. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method