In satisfying an information need by a Question Answering (QA) system, there are text understanding approaches which can enhance the performance of final answer extraction. Exploiting the FrameNet lexical resource in this process inspires analysis of the levels of semantic representation in the automated practice where the task of semantic class and role labeling takes place. In this paper, we analyze the impact of different levels of semantic parsing on answer extraction with respect to the individual sub-tasks of frame evocation and frame element assignment.
An ontological extension on the frames in FrameNet is presented in this paper. The general conceptual relations between frame elements, in conjunction with existing characteristics of this lexical resource, suggest more sophisticated semantic analysis of lexical chains (e.g. predicate chains) exploited in many text understanding applications. In particular, we have investigated its benefit for meaning-aware question answering when combined with an inference strategy. The proposed knowledge representation mechanism on the frame elements of FrameNet has been shown to have an impact on answering natural language questions on the basis of our case analysis.