Effective texture feature is an essential component in any content based image retrieval system. In the past, spectral features, like Gabor and wavelet, have shown superior retrieval performance than many other statistical and structural based features. Recent researches on multi-resolution analysis have found that curvelet captures texture properties, like curves, lines, and edges, more accurately than Gabor filters. However, the texture feature extracted using curvelet transform is not rotation invariant. This can degrade its retrieval performance significantly, especially in cases where there are many similar images with different orientations. This paper analyses the curvelet transform and derives a useful approach to extract rotation invariant curvelet features. Experimental results show that the new rotation invariant curvelet feature outperforms the curvelet feature without rotation invariance.
In content based image analysis and retrieval, texture feature is an essential component due to its strong discriminative power. Directionality is one of the most significant texture features which are well perceived by the human visual system. A new method to calculate the directionality of image is proposed in this paper. In contrast to Tamura method which uses the statistical property of the directional histogram of an image to calculate its directionality, the proposed method makes use of the geometric property of the directional histogram. Both subjective and objective analyses prove that the proposed method outperforms the conventional Tamura method. It has also been shown that the proposed directionality has better retrieval performance than the conventional Tamura directionality.